The number one cause of death among non-communicable diseases is cardiovascular diseases. According to WHO cardiovascular disease is a disease caused by impaired function of the heart and blood vessels such as hypertension, stroke, ischemic heart disease and heart failure. People die each year from CVDs, an estimated 31% of all deaths worldwide. WHO reported the number of deaths caused by heart disease each year to reach 17.5 million. The deaths due to stroke and coronary heart disease can reach 80%. Almost 75% of deaths from cardiovascular disease occur in developing countries, including Indonesia. Deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases, especially coronary heart disease and stroke are expected to continue to increase to 23.3 million deaths in 2030.
In general, cardiovascular disease and blood vessels associated with atherosclerosis process due to diabetes mellitus, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and hypercholesterolemia, and obesity. Other risk factors for cardiovascular disease are age, genetic factors, gender, smoking, stress, unhealthy diet and lack of activity or exercise. The prevalence of heart disease in Indonesia average of 9.2%, with the highest prevalence reached 16.9% in Central Sulawesi and the lowest prevalence in Lampung with figures of 3.5%. The prevalence could reach 17.3% at the age of 65 years. The incidence of heart disease each year in the world is likely to increase as well as the conditions in Indonesia.
It is very important to take initiative to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease for individuals, families and people around. In order to control the increasing incidence of disease, death and disability due to cardiovascular disease, prevention efforts need to be done by increasing public awareness to recognize the symptoms and the risk of cardiovascular disease so that it can determine the preventive measures are appropriate. By this international conference or seminar was organized by FM UII to contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular disease through an integrated and holistic approach ranging from basic science, clinical, social, community, religious and Bioethics.